Start of the Covenant of Grace (Gen. 4-5)

Many commentators observe the typological parallelism of Abel as a type of Christ, as well as the idea that Abel’s offering was of a blood sacrifice, anticipating the sacrifice that Christ would make in dying on the cross. More, however, can be said in terms of the covenantal significance of Gen. 4:1-6:8. This passage speaks of both the nature of man, the nature of God, and the way God has chosen to engage with man under the Covenant of Grace.

The Covenant of Works (Gen. 2-3)

In understanding the Bible, we need to realize that it revolves around a two covenant structure. The Covenant of Works (as the Westminster Confession puts it) or the Covenant of Life (as in the Larger Catechism terms it) highlights the potential for man to have had greater communion with God, had the covenant head, Adam been faithful to God. His failure to do so cast all mankind into misery, but opened the door to God's redemptive plan.

Creation and Covenant (Gen. 1)

The covenantal nature of Genesis 1 can be more clearly seen if one remembers three essential aspects of kingship, namely that a king—must have a realm over which to rule, the power to rule that realm, and legitimacy in exercising that rule, typically manifested in the majesty and glory that accompanies his reign. We see all of those things in Genesis 1:1-2:3, even though God is not explicitly called a king.